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artificialの記事

A report from the Whitehouse:r000016001657 | PARAFT [パラフト]

2016.11.15

artificialの記事2016.11.15

AIand Society

A report from the Whitehouse

keyword: artificial intelligence, jobs, automation, Whitehouse, education

このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
Research* published earlier this week found that 400,000 bots using AI were operating on twitter, posting 20% of the US election tweets of which 75% were found to be in favour of Donald Trump. The b

2016.11.15 文章 / Shivani Gopalkrishna

Defining AI

出典:Dreamstime

Shopping recommendations by Amazon, strategic games, self-driving cars, image recognition software, these are all examples of the algorithm using “intelligence” to solve a specific problem. This is known as narrow or weak AI. We encounter narrow AI in our lives everyday.

The ability of an algorithm to apply intelligence to a range of tasks is known as artificial general intelligence (AGI) or General AI. While there have been tremendous advancements in narrow AI, experts believe that general AI is still decades away.

As defined in the Whitehouse report, machine learning forms one of the most important applications of AI today. What it does is using statistical methods to find patterns, derive rules and predict future trends with a large data set. This “learning from data approach” distinguishes machine learning from its predecessor the “expert system” in which the algorithm imitates the human brain’s decision making process through rules defined in the code.

The advanta

The merits of AI and its impact on jobs

出典:Freepik

① There is no doubt that AI will improve the world we live in. Some of the key technologies outlined in the Whitehouse report are as follows.

Smart Cars: Self-driving vehicles will make roads significantly safer and could possibly increase the mobility of disabled and elderly people. In time self driving cars will change the paradigm of transportation, thereby changing the way the city functions.
Smart buildings: Buildings that leverage AI will save energy and improve efficiency of operating the building.
Healthcare analytics: Advances in the application of analytics in health care and precision medicine will extend life and improve the quality of life.
Education: AI enhanced education will allow teachers to reach students in disadvantaged communities across the world through teaching robots and sophisticated learning management systems such as MOOCs. Learning analytics will be valuable in designing and implanting programs for a diverse range of students in different learning

Transitioning into an AI enabled future

出典:Freepik

The advent of AI will bring about a paradigm shift in all aspects of our lives. While improving our world and making us richer, AI will also disrupt many of our current models. Governments will require good policy foresight to design measures that protect the interests of its citizens. The Whitehouse report highlights important areas where policies need to be redesigned. Three of these are as follows.

Redesign economic models
Apart from replacing human jobs, AI will drive down wages. With computers doing more of our work, the value of work done by humans and income based on that value would have to be re-defined. In other words, AI will redefine the value we get from work.

The government will have to design a safety net to provide people with financial security. A new method of re-distributing benefits of AI will have to be created to ensure social equality.

Redesign Education
AI will transform education and the way it is delivered.
First of all, programs pro

WRITER

Contributor

Shivani Gopalkrishna

What makes this Whitehouse report interesting is the emphasis on the importance of policy foresight in assimilating AI into our society. As individuals we will have to regularly update our technical skills, “re-learn” tasks, and be able to use AI creatively for jobs of the future. For a smooth tran

ー 「生きる」と「働く」を もっと楽しく。
A report from the Whitehouse:r000016001657 | PARAFT [パラフト]

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AIand Society

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